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Black Line On Tooth

Teeth may sometimes change color to black, what are the causes of black tooth pigments? Is it possible to get rid of these pigments? Answer in the following article.

We will review in what comes a collection of important information about black tooth pigments.

Causes of black tooth pigmentation

These reasons may be internal or external, as follows:

  • External factors: Factors that cause discoloration of age as a result of exposure to matters that may cause stains on it or things that may cause damage to tooth enamel.
  • Internal factors: factors that may cause age color to change by influencing it from the inside, so that the tooth gains black color or black spots begin to appear on its surface.

These are the main causes of external and internal black dental pigmentation:

1. Eat certain types of food and beverages

Eating some food and drinks may cause a change in the color of the teeth, and this change can sometimes worsen to the point where the teeth become black. 

These are the most prominent substances and compounds that eating food and beverages containing them may contribute to the appearance of stains on the teeth:

  • Tannins: A plant compound with a strong natural tint.
  • Acids: Acids may negatively affect tooth enamel in a way that makes the tooth more coarse, increasing the ability of spots to stick to the tooth surface.
  • Chromogens: compounds containing strong pigments.

These are the most prominent types of food and beverages that may contain the above and other materials that would lead to a change in the color of the teeth, including black tooth pigments: coffee, red wine, tea, and black soft drinks.

2. Use of tobacco and nicotine products

Products rich in nicotine by their nature contain fine particles that can be stuck in tooth pores causing discoloration, and the longer these products are used the more nicotine molecules accumulate, thereby showing darker spots on the teeth.

Nicotine and tobacco products are not only limited to cigarettes but also include other tobacco products, such as chewable ones.

3. Accumulation of alopecia on teeth

Bacteria may combine with leftovers, saliva and some other particles present in the mouth to be a sticky gear layer on the teeth. 

This layer may turn into a hard pickling (Tartar) if oral hygiene is neglected, and palm may be black, so its appearance may lead to a change in the color of the teeth and the appearance of black pigments.

4. Tooth decay

One of the causes of black tooth pigmentation is tooth decay or necrosis. Tooth decay usually arises when bacteria destroy tooth enamel to leave behind tiny holes in the tooth, and these holes are likely to take a black color. 

In this case, black is not actual pigments, but a more profound problem.

5. Other factors

These other factors may also contribute to the formation of black dental pigments:

  • Take certain types of supplements, such as liquid iron supplements.
  • Undergo some types of treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
  • Use certain types of mouthwash and toothpastes.
  • Undergoing some dental therapeutic procedures involving the use of silver sulfide, for example, this substance may be included in the composition of certain types of dental fillings.
  • Other factors, such as: tooth death, tooth pulp necrosis, and an accident in the mouth area.

Symptoms of black dental pigmentation

It may start in the form of brown or grey stains or pigments; over time, the condition may worsen to turn the stains dark black to show black dyes. Tooth color change to black usually gets gradually rather than surprisingly.

In addition to black tooth color, the infected person may have additional symptoms depending on the cause of pigmentation, for example, if black tooth pigmentation is caused by decay, then the infected person may have symptoms such as tooth pain, tooth allergies, and tooth holes.

Diagnosis and treatment of black dental pigmentation

Unlike mild pigmentation, this type of pigmentation cannot be treated in domestic ways, so it is recommended to resort to a doctor who will first try to diagnose the cause of black dental pigmentation, and then decide on the appropriate treatment that may be appropriate for the condition.

These are some treatments that may be followed that may vary from case to case:

  • Tooth decay treatments, such as: removing the decayed part of the tooth and stuffing the tooth, dislocation of the tooth in some cases.
  • Treatment of alopecia, often involves the dentist scraping the palm from the teeth using a special tool.

Tips to avoid black tooth pigments

These are some recommendations that may help keep teeth as natural as possible and avoid pigmentation:

  • Ensure that teeth are brushed with the right toothbrush and paste at least twice a day.
  • Use dental floss once every day.
  • Visit the dentist's clinic regularly.
  • Avoid eating foods that may change the color of the teeth or that may damage the teeth, such as foods rich in sugars.