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Turner Tooth

All People agree that white teeth are healthy teeth. Generally, those pearly whites are a sign of a healthy smile. However, white spots on the teeth can indicate a serious problem called Turner's teeth. The condition remains difficult to diagnose, but early intervention is the best way to manage it.

Join us as we discuss more about Turner's tooth or enamel hypoplasia, how to diagnose it and what treatments are available to patients with this dental disease.

What is Turner Tooth (hypoplasia)?

Let's start with a quick review of what tooth enamel is. Enamel is the harder outer protective layer. This layer is mainly composed of mineral-based compounds and has one main purpose: to protect your teeth.

Turner's teeth, also known to professionals in the field as enamel hypoplasia, is a condition that reduces enamel thickness, increases tooth sensitivity, makes affected teeth more prone to decay, and causes an unsightly appearance.

It usually affects a patient's permanent teeth and appears as a white or yellow plaque on the surface of the teeth. In some cases, enamel crowns appear to have indentations or grooves, and in more extreme cases, entire parts of a patient's tooth are missing enamel.

Since teeth have lost their protective coating, they are at great risk of infection, causing severe pain in children and possibly causing tooth loss at a young age. This condition can indirectly lead to developmental complications, such as B.'s inability to speak, bite, and chew well. 

Premature tooth loss can also cause children to develop orthodontic problems in their teenage years, namely: crowded teeth. All of these factors make it imperative that you find the right dental care for your child as quickly as possible

Classification of Turner's Tooth:

  • Hypoplasia Type I: discoloration of tooth enamel due to hypoplasia
  • Hypoplasia Type II: abnormal coalescence due to hypoplasia
  • Hypoplasia Type III: Some parts of the tooth enamel are missing due to hypoplasia
  • Hypoplasia Type IV: A combination of the first three hypoplasias.

Causes of Turner Teeth in Children

The scientific community has identified two types of enamel hypoplasia: genetic and environmental.

This lack of enamel may be the result of an inherited genetic defect. This condition usually affects a single tooth, but in other cases, multiple teeth can be severely damaged at the same time.

Environmental causes is a general term referring to various conditions that can lead to insufficient enamel production. We can list some of the following environmental factors: premature birth, malnutrition, bacterial and viral infections, or trauma to developing teeth.

Injury to deciduous teeth is a common cause of Turner's teeth in anterior teeth. The injured tooth is pushed into the developing permanent tooth below and hinders the formation of its enamel.

According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, there are many cases of traumatic injuries in young children, from 2- to 3-year-olds who are still developing motor coordination to adolescents. Falls are the leading cause of dental trauma, followed by traffic accidents. Injuries to deciduous teeth affect up to 30% of children.

Another cause of enamel hypoplasia is a viral infection. Some bacterial and viral infections that cause high fevers, such as syphilis, measles, and chickenpox, can interfere with pregnancy and lead to the development of turner teeth.

Recognize it on time

Turner's teeth are a serious disease, but luckily it usually seems to affect only one tooth. It is important to treat this condition appropriately at an early stage to avoid the risk of infection and periodontitis.
Take good care of your child's teeth, as early symptoms include fine lines on the surface of one or more teeth. 

Other children's teeth were noticeably discolored. In rare cases, a child's entire tooth may develop a dark brown discoloration.

If you have a family history of enamel hypoplasia, consider taking your child to the dentist regularly from an early age. Early Intercept Care is the best way to help children with Turner teeth.

Available Treatments for Turner Teeth

Patients can be treated according to the severity of the condition. In mild cases, your pediatric dentist may recommend a level of maintenance and care to protect the affected area and prevent tooth decay.
Other conditions require cosmetic and restorative adjustments. 

We can protect the teeth from wear and sensitivity by repairing the affected enamel by sticking a tooth-colored material on the surface of the teeth. 

For patients with sensitive teeth, fluoride treatment can help reduce sensitivity and prevent tooth decay. Finally, others may simply need bleaching to match the discolored teeth with the patient's other unaffected teeth.

You can consider some simple ways to reduce or reverse environmental causes of enamel hypoplasia. Try adding a vitamin A or D supplement to your child's diet to help strengthen developing teeth. For those who are dairy tolerant, leafy greens and increasing milk intake can also help.

We also want to remind you how important it is to follow proper oral hygiene techniques to keep your child's teeth healthy.